Any time you can clearly identify a type of learned behavior and watch how people adopt it is incredibly useful to understanding how the rest of us function. Bilingualism. You may have read the word "simmer" in a recipe or two, but what does it really mean? In some cases, argot may make the jump into popular culture and become slang. The inseparable Thingumy and Bob speak an argot of spoonerisms (“Nake no totice” and so on), and carry a secret ruby. For example, argot in this sense is used for systems such as verlan and louchébem, which retain French syntax and apply transformations only to individual words (and often only to a certain subset of words, such as nouns, or semantic content words). In Scotland, two unrelated creole languages are termed as "cant".
The term argot is also used to refer to the informal specialized vocabulary from a particular field of study, occupation, or hobby, in which sense it overlaps with jargon . Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. In his 1862 novel Les Misérables, Victor Hugo refers to that argot as both "the language of the dark" and "the language of misery. Sociologists gather information about the social world and systematically analyze that information to understand social phenomena including class, race, gender, culture, social networks, and historical change. Spell. The principle is that of same grammar, different vocabulary. For example, modern French loufoque "crazy, goofy", now common usage, originates in the [[Louchébem|louchébem]] transformation of Fr. fou "crazy".
Argot consists of a specialized vocabulary that is used by a small, insular group of people, often taking the form of a clique. Such argots are lexically divergent forms of a particular language, with a part of its vocabulary replaced by words unknown to the larger public; argot used in this sense is synonymous with cant. For example the word "file" can replace the phrase "a block of information stored as a unit on an information storage device". Some examples: (1) Hustlers always use their argot among themselves when no outsiders are present, where it could not possibly have a secretive purpose. STUDY.
b A social process. I knew enough of their argot for conversation, and they knew enough of mine. , The thieves' cant was a feature of popular pamphlets and plays particularly between 1590 and 1615, but continued to feature in literature through the 18th century. Examples of subcultures could include bikers, military personnel, and Star Trek fans. Slang is more widespread than jargon or argot, and it tends to spread quickly and metamorphose as it is used. Roger Fowler's "Anti-Languages in Fiction" analyzes Anthony Burgess's A Clockwork Orange and William S. Burroughs' Naked Lunch to redefine the nature of the anti-language and to describe its ideological purpose. Definition OF ARGOT: 1. a Vocabulary that fails to direct or misdirects attention from accelerating, increasing, and deepening (AIDing) learning promptly. Also called cant and cryptolect. What Are Participles And How Do You Use Them? exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. A thief in 1839 claimed that the cant he had seen in print was nothing like the cant then used by gypsies, thieves and beggars.
Being able to form their own language by twisting and contorting their native tounge of French allowed the dangerous classes to use language truly as an art. ... and argot. Effective communication depends on exchanging meanings which are inaccessible to the layperson. It’s a standalone language that only “Trekkies” speak, so it meets the original definition. Specialized language used by members of a group or subculture. There are two main schools of thought on the origin of the word cant: An argot (English: /ˈɑːrɡoʊ/; from French argot [aʁɡo] 'slang') is a language used by various groups to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations. Gravity. apple to elppa), or by substituting their consonants. "Les Misérables Complete in Five Volumes" by. The word was probably derived from the contemporary name les argotiers, given to a group of thieves at that time. Like the early records of the languages of exotic cultures, the information usually comes to us in the form of word lists.