W. B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press). Death (2288) (thanatos) indicates the opposite of life and the absence of life and in the NT is seen as the consequence and punishment of sin. We might say that John the Baptist was “born again” before he was born!
With regard to believers’ children who die very young, we have no reason to think that it would be otherwise. We commit sins because we are thinking of ourselves, loving ourselves, indulging ourselves, looking out for ourselves, taking care that no one get ahead of us. Who are you going to serve? (Thru the Bible Commentary). for what I have to say is important!) Adam and his posterity are affected by his sin, while the Last Adam and His people are affected by his righteous act, that is, the victorious redeeming work of the cross. Reprinted by permission. Absolutely not imputed is the idea. The statement of verse thirteen is intended to show that the sin, referred to in the clause "for all sinned" in verse twelve, is not sin against the Mosaic Law. Wiersbe introduces this important, often times poorly understood section, Romans 5:12-21, by asking…. Note that although Paul's explanation begins here in Romans 5:13, it continues into verse 14 which needs to be studied to appreciate the full impact of Paul's argument. (m) By sin is meant that disease which is ours by inheritance, and men commonly call it original sin: for so he calls that sin in the singular number, whereas if he speaks of the fruits of it, he uses the plural number, calling them sins.
To understand these verses a few general truths about this section need to be understood. Paul saw two men—Adam and Christ—each of them reigning over a kingdom. Barnes NT Commentary), With the sin came, the consequences (cf the law of sowing and reaping, Gal 6:7, 8+) of that sin came.
English Standard Version (ESV), Gen. 2:17; 3:6; 1 Cor. Beet makes an observation (that John Piper has also made) that (Romans 5:12) is incomplete for it, states only one side of an important comparison. (1) The utter ending of what we call human life. He will perhaps flounder for years in the bog of fanaticism and self-torture before reaching the rest that remains for the people of God. the effects of that reconciliation as the position of the whole human race before God. Thus Adam was more accountable for his disobedience than Eve. Yet this does not mean automatic salvation, for men must receive the grace God offers (Ro 5:17-note). How is physical death related to spiritual death? Ro 5:17-note, GRACE But sin without the article means this is the evidence. Compare Zech 9:11. We did not literally enter the grave with Christ and were not literally resurrected with Him, but by faith we are accounted to have been buried and raised with Him. His regeneration involves his introduction into a new family. At the time of Justification believers are set free once and for all from the ruling power of sin, but now in sanctification we must daily, moment by moment fight the battle with our residual, dethroned enemy and we now can do so infused by and controlled by God's Spirit (cp Ro 8:13-note).
And it is the work of Christ, also, looked at as an "Adam" (second Man or last Adam - cp 1Cor 15:22, 45, 47) and His "righteous act" of death with its effect of justification for us. Wuest: For until law, sin was in the world, but sin is not put to one’s account, there being no law. Some who read these words may react against the truth that we set forth. Paul says before the Law ever even came about, sin was in the world. And furthermore each one of these sins was sufficiently amiss to warrant death. DeMoss explains that constative aorist refers to a verb in the aorist tense "that, along with other contextual features, presents the action simply, in summary, or as a whole. But the extraordinary statement that all die because of Adam's sin does require explanation. Death and judgment are past for the believer, Christ his Substitute having endured them. Hebrews 7:10-note continues. And in fact men did die from the time of Adam until Moses. Finally, note that the phrase much more is repeated five times. Look at Ro 5:14: Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come, If you’ll follow the context through Ro 5:21, he’s comparing Adam and what he did and how it affected the human race with Jesus and what He did and how that affected the human race. (ED: For example Paul commands believers - "do not let SIN reign [present imperative with a negative - stop letting Sin reign or don't let it begin!] In the prior verse, he noted that it was the actions of one man which brought death and sin into the lives of all humanity. A rule of Greek syntax settles the question. 15 And if anyone's name was not found written in the book of life (or see Book of Life), he was thrown into the Lake of fire. The moment a man is justified by faith he is also born of God. If there is no Law, you are right: You can't charge it against someone's account. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press). In summary, when Adam sinned, he immediately died spiritually. Wherefore — This refers to all the preceding discourse, from which the apostle infers what follows: he does not therefore make a digression, but returns to speak again of sin and righteousness; as if he had said, “We may from these premises infer, that the benefit which we believers receive from Christ is equal to the detriment we derive from Adam; yea, is on the whole greater than that.”
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